Free Movement of workers, transitional arrangements and potential mobility from Croatia

Client/Funding Institution

European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion


Croatia joined the European Union on 1 July 2013. Similar to the two previous rounds of enlargement (2004 and 2007) the Accession Treaty with Croatia permits transitional arrangements regarding labour mobility. These arrangements allow other Member States to impose restricted access of Croatian nationals to their labour markets for a maximum period of seven years (2+3+2 formula). The first stage of transitional arrangements started in July 2013 and ended on 30 June 2015. As required by the ToR, the study provided information on past and, particularly, current migration/mobility patterns of Croatian nationals across EU Member States as well as on potential mobility/mobility intentions from Croatia to other EU Member States. In addition, it identified push factors of mobility and estimate econometrically the potential mobility patterns of Croatian nationals across other EU Member States. Finally, the study provided a short inventory of national data sources – both from Croatia and other Member States – that will help to monitor and assess the mobility of Croatian citizens since the country’s accession to the EU in July 2013.


December 2014 - May 2015

wiiw team Leader

Hermine Vidovic

wiiw Staff

Manuela Engleitner, Isilda Mara

External Publications

DG Employment

Keywords: labour mobility, Croatia, employment, free movement of workers

Countries covered: Croatia

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution