Integration Processes in European R&D: A comparative spatial interaction approach using project based R&D networks, co-patent networks and co-publication networks
14 March 2013 4:00 pm
Rafael Lata (with Thomas Scherngell and Thomas Brenner), Austrian Institute of Technology (AIT)
wiiw, Rahlgasse 3, 1060 Vienna, lecture hall (entrance from the ground floor)
This study focuses on integration processes in European R&D by analyzing the spatio-temporal dimension of three different R&D collaboration networks across Europe. The studied networks cover different types of knowledge creation, namely project based R&D networks within the EU Framework Programmes (FPs), co-patent networks and co-publication networks. Integration in European R&D – one of the main pillars of the EU Science Technology and Innovation (STI) policy – refers to the harmonization of fragmented national research systems across Europe and to the free movement of knowledge and researchers. The objective is to describe and compare spatio-temporal patterns at a regional level, and to estimate the evolution of separation effects over the time period 1999-2006 that influence the probability of cross-region collaborations in the distinct networks under consideration. The study adopts a spatial interaction modeling perspective, econometrically specifying a panel generalized linear model relationship, taking into account spatial autocorrelation among flows by using Eigenfunction spatial filtering methods. The results show that geographical factors are a lower hurdle for R&D collaborations in FP networks than in co-patent networks and co-publication networks. Further it is shown that the geographical dynamics of progress towards more integration is higher in the FP network.
Keywords: R&D networks, European Framework Programme, European Research Area, Spatial interaction modelling, Eigenvector spatial filtering
JEL classification: O38, L14, R15