The spread of the COVID-19 infection in Bulgaria has been relatively limited, but the country has been under lockdown since mid-March. The economic fallout from the pandemic is widespread, affecting a large number of sectors. The government launched a package of fiscal support measures, but their effectiveness is in doubt, especially as regards employment protection. Overall, we expect GDP to drop by more than 6% in 2020; this will be coupled with a surge in unemployment.

map Bulgaria
Main Economic Indicators201720182019202020212022
Population, 1000 persons707670256976...
GDP, real change in %
GDP per capita (EUR at PPP)146601543016600...
Gross industrial production, real change in %
Unemployment rate - LFS, in %, average6.
Average gross monthly wages, EUR530586651...
Consumer prices, % p.a.
Fiscal balance in % of GDP1.12.02.1...
Public debt in % of GDP25.322.320.2...
Current account in % of GDP3.
FDI inflow, EUR mn176015391472...
Gross external debt in % of GDP64.761.557.4...

Basic data are continuously updated.

* Forecasts are changed beginning of March, July and November.
See Press Conferences.

Due to the unusually high level of uncertainty caused by COVID-19, we only present forecasts for 2020-2021.


Monthly Report No. 5/2020

Vasily Astrov, Alexandra Bykova, Rumen Dobrinsky, Richard Grieveson, Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Gabor Hunya, Sebastian Leitner, Isilda Mara, Olga Pindyuk, Leon Podkaminer, Sandor Richter, Bernd Christoph Ströhm and Hermine Vidovic
wiiw Monthly Report No. 5, May 2020
96 pages including 27 Tables and 39 Figures



BULGARIA: Slowdown likely to continue

Rumen Dobrinsky
in: Uncertainty in Turbulent Times
wiiw Forecast Report No. Spring 2020, March 2020 , pp. 75-78
Details and Buy