Drivers of Inequality and Poverty in the CEE and other EU Member States


Sebastian Leitner and Robert Stehrer

wiiw Research Report No. 398, November 2014
31 pages including 8 Tables and 8 Figures

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Inequality is a multidimensional phenomenon though it is often discussed along a single dimension such as income. This is also the case for the various decomposition approaches of inequality indices by recipients or income sources. In this paper we study one- and multidimensional indices on inequality on data for CEE EU Member States in comparison to other EU countries including four dimensions in our measure of multidimensional inequality: income, health, education, and housing, and apply various decomposition methods to these one- and multidimensional indices and also to a poverty index. In doing so, we apply standard decomposition techniques to the Mean logarithmic deviation index (I₀) and decompositions based on regression analysis in conjunction with the Shapley value approach to Gini indices.


Keywords: inequality decomposition, multidimensional inequality, poverty

JEL classification: A13, D31, I32

Countries covered: European Union

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution