Ukraine’s future competitiveness - Directions for structural shifts in foreign trade and investment


Miriam Kosmehl, Veronika Movchan, Olga Pindyuk and Stefani Weiss

Joint Study No. 2024-05, May 2024
in cooperation with BertelsmannStiftung
66 pages including 2 Tables and 32 Figures

free download

In this study we identify sectors where Ukraine is likely to develop or maintain strong comparative advantages during the post-war reconstruction based on “Build back better” principle. These sectors will be able to attract investment, expand exports and become integrated in global production networks. Given Ukraine's status as an EU candidate, these processes are viewed within the larger framework of the EU accession process and related regulatory changes. We identify six industries where a combination of industrial policy, a foreign direct investment (FDI) attraction strategy and institutional and education reforms should allow to maximise the post-war recovery potential. We complete the study with recommendations for Ukrainian and EU policy makers about policy changes to support trade and FDI growth in these sectors.


Reference to wiiw databases: wiiw Annual Database, wiiw FDI Database

Keywords: Ukraine, reconstruction, trade, FDI, competitiveness, global value chains, EU integration, digitalisation, green transition, critical minerals, economic security

JEL classification: F0, L53, L6, L7, L8, O50

Countries covered: European Union, Russia, Ukraine

Research Areas: International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI, Sectoral studies