Karl Pichelmann

Senior Research Associate

email: KPichelmann@A1.net
telephone: (+43-1) 533 66 10

Karl Pichelmann is Senior Research Associate at wiiw focusing on globalisation and European economic and monetary integration, patterns of convergence and divergence, and the evolution of labour markets and social models in Europe. He worked for the European Commission for more than 20 years, holding the position of a Senior Adviser in the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs before his retirement in 2021. In DG ECFIN, Karl Pichelmann played a leading co-ordinating role across units and directorates in a wide array of activities in this field such as work on growth and inequality, wage and productivity dynamics, and mobility and migration, to name just a few. He has hands-on experience in these issues as the person who was responsible in DG ECFIN for the Macroeconomic Dialogue, a high-level forum for the exchange of views between the European Commission, ECB, ECOFIN Council and the Social Partners. His tasks also comprised the management of DG ECFIN's non-resident academic fellowship programme and he played a key role in communication and interaction with the outside world, in particular the economic research community. Karl Pichelmann earned his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Vienna in 1983. Before joining the European Commission in 1998, he was a senior economist at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Vienna, where he also taught at the University for Economics, receiving a ‘venia docendi’ in 1997. He held various consultancy positions in the past, including a stint at the OECD in the context of the Jobs Study. From 2001-2014 he was also teaching at the Université Libre de Bruxelles as associated professor with the Institut d'Études Européennes.

Austria, Vienna

External Publications

Articles in refereed journals
  • 'Bridging the growing divides: DG ECFIN’s Annual Research Conference 2019' (with Marco Buti and Philipp Jaeger), VOX Columns, 3 December 2019
  • 'European integration and populism: Addressing Dahrendorf's quandary' (with Marco Buti), VOX Columns, 22 February 2017
  • 'Nominal and real wage flexibility in EMU' (with Alfonso Arpaia), International Economics and Economic Policy, Vol. 4(3), February 2007, pp 299-328
  • 'Monitoring Wage Developments in EMU', Empirica, Vol. 28, December 2001, pp 353-373
  • 'Arbeitsmärkte und Beschäftigungspolitik in den Ländern der OECD', WISO Wirtschafts- und sozialpolitische Zeitschrift, No. 36, Juni 1995, pp 29-46
  • 'Measuring shock persistence in Austrian unemployment: A note' (with Monika Riedel), Empirica, Vol. 19, September 1992, pp. 259-274
  • 'Measuring shock persistence in Austrian unemployment: A note' (with Peter Neudorfer), Empirica, Vol. 16, September 1989, pp 193-208
Books (Monographs and editorship)
  • EU economy: 2007 review – Moving Europe's productivity frontier (with Alfonso Arpaia, Sylvain Gouteron, Daniel Grenouilleau, Karel Havik, Jan in't Veld, Kieran Mc Morrow, Dario Paternoster, Werner Röger, Valerie Rouxel-Laxton, Michael Thiel, Alessandro Turrini, Paul van den Noord, János Varga and Peter Weiss), Karl Pichelmann and Paul van den Noord (eds), European Economy No. 8/2007, European Commission, Brussels, 2007
  • The EU economy: 2005 review - Rising international economic integration Opportunities and challenges (with Salvador Barrios, Zdeněk Čech, Cecile Denis, Francesca Di Mauro, Nuria Diez Guardia, Bjoern Döhring, Martin Hallet, Karel Havik, Angela Hughes, Jozef Konings, Kieran Mc Morrow, Werner Röger, Nuno Sousa, Michael Thiel, Reinhilde Veugelers, Christoph Walkner and Rainer Wichern), Karl Pichelmann and Reinhilde Veugelers (eds), European Economy No. 6/2005, European Commission, Brussels, 2005
  • Unemployment in Europe (with Michael Landesmann), Michael Landesmann and Karl Pichelmann (eds), Confederation of European Economic Associations Conference Volumes, Palgrave Macmillan, 5 January 2000
Articles in books
  • 'Populism and European Integration: Diagnosis and policy response' (with Marco Buti), in: Luigi Paganetto (eds), Yearning for inclusive Growth and Development, Good Jobs and Sustainability, Chapter 3, Springer International Publishing, 12 October 2019, pp. 19-38
  • 'Employment and labour productivity in the EU: reconsidering a potential trade-off in the Lisbon strategy' (with Werner Roeger), in: Barry Eichengreen, Michael Landesmann and Dieter Stiefel (eds), The European Economy in an American Mirror, Chapter 10, Routledge, 28 November 2011, pp. 128-142
  • 'Price and quantity adjustments in the Austrian labour market' (with Helmut Hofer and Andreas-Ulrich Schuh), Applied Economics, Volume 33, 2001 - Issue 5, Taylor & Francis Online, 4 October 2010, pp. 581-592
  • 'Falling Wage Shares: A Common Trend?' (with Alfonso Arpaia), Dimensions of Inequality in the EU, No. 16, Oesterreichische Nationalbank, 8 September 2008, pp. 28-41
  • 'Temporary layoff unemployment in Austria: empirical evidence from administrative data' (with Georg Fischer), Applied Economics, Volume 23, 1991 - Issue 9, Taylor & Francis Online, 28 July 2006, pp. 1447-1452
  • 'Structural Reforms in Labour and Product Markets and Macroeconomic Performance in the EU' (with Werner Roeger), in: Robert M. Solow (eds), Structural Reform and Economic Policy, Chapter 5, Studies in Economic Transition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, pp. 67-95
  • 'Product market reforms and macroeconomic performance in the EU' (with Adriaan Dierx and Werner Roeger), in: Adriaan Dierx, Fabienne Ilzkovitz and Khalid Sekkat (eds), European Integration and the Functioning of Product Markets, Chapter 6, Edward Elgar Publishing, January 2004, pp. 171-197
  • 'EU Enlargement, Migration and the Labour Market: A Tentative Assessment', in: John T. Addison and Paul J. J. Welfens (eds), Labor Markets and Social Security: Issues and Policy Options in the U.S. and Europe, 2nd Edition, Chapter 3, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2004, pp. 35-56
  • 'Labour Market Reform in the EU: Progress and Remaining Challenges', Fostering Economic Growth in Europe - 31st Economics Conference 2003, Oesterreichische Nationalbank, 2003, pp. 121-138
  • 'Wage developments in the early years of EMU', in: Gabriel Fagan, Francesco Paolo Mongelli and Julian Morgan (eds), Institutions and Wage Formation in the New Europe, Chapter 5, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2003, pp. 98-111
  • 'Wage Discipline in EMU. A Feature of the Early Years. Only?', in: Marco Buti and André Sapir (eds), EMU and Economic Policy in Europe. The Challenge of the Early Years, Chapter 11, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002
  • 'Beschäftigungs- und Lohnanpassungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt des Euroraums – ein Überblick' (with Helmut Hofer), Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Berichte und Studien 3, Oesterreichische Nationalbank, 2002, pp. 99-114
  • 'Introduction' (with Michael Landesmann), in: Michael Landesmann and Karl Pichelmann (eds), Unemployment in Europe, Macmillan, 1999, pp. 1-25
  • 'Employment patterns and the welfare services sector' (with Michael Landesmann), in: Michael Landesmann and Karl Pichelmann (eds), Unemployment in Europe, Macmillan, 1999, pp. 205-231
  • 'Strategien gegen Arbeitslosigkeit. Neue Wege unter geänderten Rahmenbedingungen', in: Silvia Angelo (eds), Europäische Beschäftigungspolitik in der Arbeitswelt 2000 : zeitgemässe wirtschaftspolitische Massnahmen zur wirkungsvollen Bekämpfung von Arbeitslosigkeit, ÖGB, Verlag des Österreichischen Gewerkschaftsbundes, 1999, pp. 61-84
  • 'Macroeconomic Consequences of a Labour Supply Shock. A Simulation Study of the Austrian Experience in 1990 and 1991' (with Michaela Schamschule), in: Bernhard Böhm and Lionello F. Punzo (eds), Economic Performance: A Look at Austria and Italy, Chapter 15, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1994, pp. 285-295
  • 'Underemployment Equilibria in an Empirical Macromodel for Austria' (with Peter Neudorfer), in: Helmut Frisch and Andreas Wörgötter (eds), Open-Economy Macroeconomics - Proceedings of a Conference held in Vienna by the International Economic Association, Chapter 12, International Economics Association, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1993
  • 'Unfavourable Shifts of Rationing Equilibria. Austrian Unemployment 1966-1986' (with Peter Neudorfer and Michael Wagner), in: Charles Bean and Jacques H. Drèze (eds), Europe's Unemployment Problem, MIT Press, March 1991, pp. 91-119
  • 'Hysteresis, Nairu and Long Term Unemployment in Austria' (with Peter Neudorfer and Michael Wagner), in: Wolfgang Franz (eds), Hysteresis Effects in Economic Models, Studies in Empirical Economics, Physica-Verlag Heidelberg, 1990, pp. 109-121
  • 'Hartnäckige Arbeitslosigkeit', in: Reiner Buchegger, Kurt W. Rothschild and Gunter Tichy (eds), Arbeitslosigkeit - Ökonomische und soziologische Perspektiven, Studies in Contemporary Economics, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1990, pp. 186-188
  • 'Hysteresis, Nairu and Long Term Unemployment in Austria' (with Peter Neudorfer and Michael Wagner), in: Wolfgang Franz (eds), Hysteresis Effects in Economic Models, Chapter 7, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1990, pp. 109-121
Articles in non-refereed journals
  • 'Der oesterreichische Arbeitsmarkt im internationalen Vergleich', Benchmarking Austria, WKO, Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter 3/1999, 1999, pp. 225-231
Shorter papers and comments
  • 'The EU economic response to the Covid-19 crisis: an overview', College of Europe, Bruges, October 2020
  • 'European Integration & Populism - Addressing Dahrendorf's Quandary' (with Marco Buti), LUISS School of European Political Economy, Policy Brief, 30 January 2017
  • 'An economic assessment of asylum seeker inflows: Spectacular and disturbing images, unspectacular macro-economic impact' (with Annika Melander), Österreichische Gesellschaft für Europapolitik, ÖGfE Policy Brief, 37, Vienna, 6 November 2015
  • 'Forward to a New Normal: An overview of the ECFIN Fellowship papers' (with Eric Ruscher and Michael Thiel), European Commission, DG ECFIN Economic Brief 2, 25 September 2015
  • 'When 'Secular Stagnation' meets Piketty's capitalism in the 21st century. Growth and inequality trends in Europe reconsidered', European Economy, Economic Papers 551, June 2015
  • 'Securing European competitiveness in a global perspective' (with Anne Bucher), European Commission, DG ECFIN Economic Brief, Issue 25, Brussels, June 2013
  • 'Economic growth perspectives for Europe', European Commission, DG ECFIN Economic Brief, Issue 21, Brussels, April 2013
  • 'European prosperity reloaded: an optimistic glance at EMU@20' (with Marco Buti), DG ECFIN Economic Brief, Issue 19, Brussels, February 2013
  • 'Understanding Labour Income Share Dynamics in Europe' (with Alfonso Arpaia and Esther Pérez), European Economy, Economic Papers 379, 2009
  • 'Economic impact of migration flows following the 2004 enlargement process. A model based analysis' (with Francesca D'Auria and Kieran Mc Morrow), European Commission, European Economy, Economic Papers No. 349, November 2008
  • 'Nominal and real wage flexibility in EMU' (with Alfonso Arpaia), European Commission, European Economy, Economic Papers No. 281, June 2007
  • 'Labour Migration Patterns in Europe: Recent Trends, Future Challenges' (with Nuria Diez Guardia), European Commission, European Economy, Economic Papers No. 256, September 2006
  • 'Wage flexibility in EMU. Some lessons from the early years' (with Werner Röger and Michael Thiel), EALE Annual Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 9 – 11 September 2004
  • 'Disentangling Trend and Cycle in the EUR-11 Unemployment Series: An Unobserved Component Modelling Approach' (with Fabrice Orlandi), European Commission, European Economy, Economic Papers No. 140, February 2000
  • 'Employment and Wage Adjustments in Euroland's Labour Market: A bird's eye view' (with Helmut Hofer), EALE Conference, Regensburg, Germany, 23 – 26 September 1999
Other working papers and discussion series
  • 'Nominal and real wage flexibility in EMU' (with Alfonso Arpaia), European Commission, European Economy, Economic Papers No. 281, June 2007
  • 'Wage flexibility in EMU. Some lessons from the early years' (with Werner Röger and Michael Thiel), EALE Annual Conference, 2004
  • 'The EU Growth Strategy and the Impact of Aging' (with Werner Röger), Wiley Online Library, Review of International Economics, Volume 12, Issue 2, 18 May 2004
  • 'Migration und Arbeitsmarkt - Erweiterung zu einem Gemeinsamen Haus Europa?', Europäische Kommission, Vertretung in Österreich, Die Union 3/00, Wien, 2000
  • 'Austria : long-term success through social partnership' (with Helmut Hofer), International Labour Organization (ILO), Working Paper, , Employment and Training Papers No. 52, Geneva, 20 October 1999
  • 'A few stylised facts about euro area's labour market(s)', European Commisssion, Internal Seminar Paper, September 1999
  • 'Vollbeschäftigung bleibt das Ziel' (with Helmut Hofer and Peter Rosner), Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales, Wien, Juni 1998
  • 'Full employment is still the goal : on the development of employment and unemployment in Austria' (with Helmut Hofer and Peter Rosner), Federal Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs, Vienna, 1998