SEE Jobs Gateway Database

March 2019

The SEE Jobs Gateway Database is the result of a collaboration between the World Bank and the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (wiiw). It covers a detailed set of labour market indicators for the following six Western Balkan and four EU comparator countries:

Western Balkan countries                              EU comparator countries

* Albania                                                               * Austria
* Bosnia and Herzegovina                                 * Bulgaria
* Kosovo                                                               * Croatia
* FYR Macedonia                                                 * Hungary
* Montenegro
* Serbia

The dataset is harmonised across indicators, age groups and educational attainment and is available on a quarterly and annual basis. It is based upon national Labour Force Surveys starting from 2010. The SEE Jobs Gateway database covers four parts: (i) Key economic indicators, (ii) Labor market indicators, (iii) Labor market data on a sub-national level and (iv) Data on earnings and unit labor costs. Definitions, methodological notes and breaks in time series are provided in the ‘Description of the database’ on the SEE Jobs Gateway Database website.

On the basis of this database, annual flagship reports - Western Balkans Labor Market Trends - are published and presented in spring of each year at the Vienna Conference. The first report was released in April 2017, the second in March 2018 and the third report was launched in Belgrade in March 2019.

The Jobs Gateway in South Eastern Europe (SEE Jobs Gateway) is a Community of Practice for labour market policies in the Western Balkans. It brings together policy-makers, academics and experts from international organisations who regularly meet – either online or in person – to exchange ideas and learn from the experience of other countries with regard to labour market policies. Most members are from or have an interest in the Western Balkan region.

The SEE Jobs Gateway was funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Finance.


When using the database you may either qoute 'SEE Jobs Gateway Database' or the reports:

Vidovic, Hermine; Brodmann, Stefanie; Reyes, Gonzalo; Arandarenko, Mihail; Aleksic, Dragan; Brancatelli, Calogero; Leitner, Sandra; Mara, Isilda. 2019.
Western Balkans Labor Market Trends 2019. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group.

Vidovic, Hermine; Mara, Isilda; Brodmann, Stefanie; Reyes, Gonzalo; Arandarenko, Mihail; Aleksic, Dragan. 2018.
Western Balkans Labor Market Trends 2018. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group

Vidovic, Hermine; Koettl-Brodmann, Johannes; Mara, Isilda; Posadas, Josefina. 2017. Western Balkans Labor Market Trends 2017. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group.


Data: SEE Jobs Gateway Database

Events2nd Vienna Conference on Western Balkans Labor Markets - March 2018


Community of Practice: Jobs Gateway in South Eastern Europe



Monika Schwarzhappel, Hermine Vidovic


Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution

Keywords: Labour markets, growth and employment, inactivity, informal employment, atypical employment, wages, youth unemployment, long-term unemployment, Open Data

JEL classification: J01, J21, J24, J46, 64

Countries covered: Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia