A manufacturing imperative in the EU – Europe's position in global manufacturing and the role of industrial policy (Competitiveness Report 2013)

Client/Funding Institution

European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry


This study served as a background report for the annual European Competitiveness Report of the European Commission (DG ENTR). The objective was (i) to detect the structural changes that have occurred in the European economy in order to identify the major challenges that lie ahead European manufacturing and (ii) to analyse and evaluate past and current approaches to industrial policies (and instruments) at the European and the EU Member State level. Based on the structural challenges for the EU economy and experiences with industrial policies the study formulated suggestions for potential elements of a renewed European industrial policy. The policy conclusions took into account the interaction of industrial policy with related policies such as competition rules, innovation policies and trade policies. The study contains both qualitative and quantitative analyses, including cluster analysis and various econometric techniques and made use of numerous data sources such as the World Input-Output Database (WIOD), OECD ANBERD, Eurostat, European Commission State Aid Scoreboard database and the Community Innovation Survey (CIS).


November 2012 - June 2013

wiiw team Leader

Roman Stöllinger

wiiw Staff

Alexandra Bykova, Neil Foster-McGregor, Mario Holzner, Michael Landesmann, Robert Stehrer, Roman Stöllinger

Project Partners

Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

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Keywords: competitiveness, economic policy, manufacturing

Countries covered: Austria, Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, EU27, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia

Research Areas: International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI, Sectoral studies