Demographic and economic development in Central and East European countries (CEECs)

Client/Funding Institution

City of Vienna


The population of the city of Vienna has been rising continuously since the mid-2000s. Between 2005 and 2020, the population increased by 17%, mainly due to a positive migration balance. In addition to immigration from Germany and the Near and Middle East, immigration from the Central and Eastern European EU countries (EU CEEC), which has increased significantly since these countries joined the EU, but especially since the opening of the Austrian labour market (2011, 2013 and 2020), plays an important role. Since 2019, however, Vienna has seen a decline of immigration from Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo, Slovakia and Poland and since 2020 also from Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania. The project aims to update the earlier wiiw study 'Population and Economic Development in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC)' by analysing the migration potential from the EU CEECs, as well as from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia to Vienna. It thereby provides an empirical basis for the city’s population forecasts and labour market analyses.


September 2021 - June 2022

wiiw team Leader

Hermine Vidovic

wiiw Staff

Nadya Heger, Veronika Janyrova, Sebastian Leitner, Monika Schwarzhappel, Robert Stehrer, Galina Vasaros


External Publications

Study released by the City of Vienna, 2022

Countries covered: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Europe, Serbia

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution