Diagnostic Report for Partner Country Programme (PCP) Kyrgyzstan

Client/Funding Institution



At the moment, Kyrgyzstan’s manufacturing sector is dominated by gold production, creating only a limited number of jobs but putting a heavy burden on the natural environment. Meanwhile, strong and inclusive growth, which would be consistent with the country’s long-term objectives (such as those envisaged in the “40 steps to the New Era” government programme) and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, would require a stronger emphasis on manufacturing industries such as food and beverages, textiles, and wearing apparel. Their labour-intensive production processes and strong linkages with other sectors, particularly agriculture, could generate badly needed formal jobs and make the country less dependent on the informal sector and the inflow of remittances from abroad. Kyrgyzstan’s inexpensive, trainable labour as well as low energy costs are internationally competitive, and represent clear advantages for the growth of such industries. However, these advantages are offset by the low productivity of firms, which tend to be too small and fragmented to reach a productivity level required to compete internationally and still suffer from insufficient access to credit. Besides, the country suffers from major logistical problems for trade, which were found to be greater than in other landlocked countries at a similar development level, such as Moldova and Laos.


August 2017 - November 2017

wiiw team Leader

Roman Stöllinger

wiiw Staff

Amat Adarov, Vasily Astrov, Alexandra Bykova, Sandra M. Leitner, Beate Muck

Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, manufacturing, trade, competitiveness, development

Countries covered: Kyrgyzstan

Research Areas: International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI, Regional Development