Monthly Report No. 1/2019


Richard Grieveson, Julia Grübler, Peter Havlik and Roman Stöllinger

wiiw Monthly Report No. 1, January 2019
42 pages including 23 Figures

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  • Chart of the month: The euro turns 20
    by Richard Grieveson
  • Opinion corner: Chinese foreign investment: A dangerous obsession or a new normal?
    by Peter Havlik
  • How the EU has been shaping the world trade order
    by Julia Grübler
    The world trading system based on rules laid out by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is under acute threat by the United States blocking the reappointment of appeals judges and the standstill in the Doha Round negotiations. Reasons include the increasing number, heterogeneity and economic power of developing countries engaging in international trade and in multilateral trade negotiations. This article reviews the EU’s trade relations with developing countries from the early steps until today.
  • Wanted: EU free trade agreements that fit the optimal degree of trade integration
    by Roman Stöllinger
    Free trade is generally seen as an instrument to foster efficiency and growth and few would doubt that the European economic integration was and is a big success story. Therefore, the EU started negotiating numerous free trade agreements with extra-European partners, particularly in Asia, once it was clear that no further progress in the WTO arena would be achieved any time soon. Until recently, little attention was paid to the fact that the liberalisation drive would also entail ‘pains from trade’ which tend to grow with the heterogeneity of the involved partners. This article therefore argues in favour of ‘an optimal degree’ of trade liberalisation.
  • Monthly and quarterly statistics for Central, East and Southeast Europe


Reference to wiiw databases: wiiw Annual Database, wiiw Monthly Database

Keywords: euro, eurozone, foreign direct investment, Belt and Road Initiative, new world order, world trading system, World Trade Organisation, Generalised System of Preferences, developing countries, free trade agreements, optimal degree of trade integration, tariffs, non-tariff measures

Countries covered: China, Czechia, European Union, Hungary, Japan, Romania, Switzerland, USA

Research Areas: Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy, International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI