Eastern Europe Before Transition: Digitisation of data and analysis of CESEE’s command economies

Client/Funding Institution

Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank


In order to better understand the industrialisation spurt and later the (financial) crisis and collapse of the command economies of Central, East and Southeast Europe (CESEE) as well as the applied economic policy mix before and during their transition to market economies, including the decisive role of initial conditions, we will digitise and publish online wiiw’s economic statistics for Central, East and Southeast Europe for the period 1944–1992; harmonise the historical data with current statistical classifications; digitise and publish online wiiw’s research reports for 1972–1992; and produce a series of working papers describing the data, summarising the literature and providing economic analysis on the key research areas related to the development and demise of the command economies. The activities in this project will be coordinated in close cooperation with our partners in the Research Centre for the History of Transformations (RECET) research network of the University of Vienna.


May 2021 - April 2024

wiiw team Leader

Richard Grieveson

wiiw Staff

Birgit Buschbom, Alexandra Bykova, Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Mario Holzner, Branimir Jovanović, Artem Kochnev, Manuel Neubauer, Roman Römisch, Monika Schwarzhappel, Philipp Ther

Project Partners

Research Centre for the History of Transformations (RECET)

Keywords: Command Economies, Transition Economies, Central, East and Southeast Europe, Prices, Exchange Rates, Finance, Employment, Investment, National Income, Consumption, Production, International Trade, Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Institutions, Political Economy, Economic History, Historical Statistics

Countries covered: Central, East and Southeast Europe

Research Areas: Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy, International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI