Industrial Policy for a New Growth Model: A toolbox for EU-CEE countries

Client/Funding Institution

Friedrich Ebert Stiftung


The Central Eastern European member states of the EU (EU-CEE) marked impressive advancements in their socio-economic developments over the past decades and can be even regarded as one of the most dynamic regions in Europe. The countries’ EU membership as well as their deep integration into regional and global value chains (GVCs) played a crucial role in this catch-up process. However, the period following the Great Recession has seen unimpressive labour productivity growth along with a somewhat slower, in some cases even derailed, convergence process. In the light of EU-CEE’s positioning as ‘factory economies’ and their struggle to occupy the more sophisticated stages of manufacturing value chains, the key challenge faced by the region is to occupy higher value-added activities within the value chain. This study aims to strategically evaluate the countries’ policy options in achieving this goal, and to design an appropriate industrial policy toolkit for them, taking full account of the ongoing megatrends. It aims to guide policy makers in making the best possible use of the available policy space and taking full advantage of EU membership, while at the same time steering the industrial policy discussions at the EU-level to one that better fits the position and capabilities of the EU-CEE. The study defines industrial policy in the EU context and explores lessons learned from past successful industrialisers. It maps the EU-CEE’s industrial development, with a particular focus on green and digital aspects, in order to identify most promising growth areas, along with key areas of vulnerability. Subsequently, it dives deep into the discussion of flagship industrial policy instruments and discusses how they could be more effectively deployed in EU-CEE.


July 2022 - December 2022

wiiw team Leader

Zuzana Zavarská

wiiw Staff

Alexandra Bykova, Richard Grieveson, Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Veronika Janyrova, Branimir Jovanović, Michael Landesmann, Sebastian Leitner, Maryna Tverdostup

Project Partners

Ondrej Sankot, Department of International Economic Relations, Prague University of Economics and Business


Countries covered: EU-CEE

Research Areas: International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI