Monthly Report No. 06/2022


Dario Guarascio, Philipp Heimberger, Ambre Maucorps, Bernhard Moshammer and Roman Stöllinger

wiiw Monthly Report No. 6, June 2022
50 pages including 3 Tables and 29 Figures

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  • Chart of the Month: The role of capital regions in CESEE
    by Ambre Maucorps
  • Opinion Corner: Economic policy in Europe must not turn overly restrictive in response to inflation
    by Philipp Heimberger
    There are limits to what the ECB can do in response to the supply-side shock to energy and food prices. What is needed is a holistic anti-inflationary strategy, including fiscal and regulation policies.
  • EU economic policy: Is Ukraine going to put a spoke in it?
    by Bernhard Moshammer
    With the ongoing war in Ukraine, there is a wide range of new challenges for EU policy makers: support for refugees, reconstruction of Ukraine, reducing energy dependence on Russia, and the need for greater defence spending. However, given the high inflation, there is a risk of repeating the mistakes of the economic and financial crisis of 2008/2009 and engaging in excessive austerity. The EU Recovery and Resilience Facility will certainly help stabilise the economy, but will it be – can it be – enough?
  • Digital endowments and comparative advantage
    by Dario Guarascio and Roman Stöllinger
    Countries’ endowments with digital tasks and ICT capital will shape the digital transformation and determine comparative advantage in the digital era. By calculating endowment-based comparative advantage for 25 EU countries, we find that the underlying theory of comparative advantage (the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek theorem) holds. However, the EU’s leaders in terms of innovation are not necessarily those countries with an abundance of digital tasks and ICT capital; this may be due to the lack of digital leadership across the EU.
  • Monthly and quarterly statistics for Central, East and Southeast Europe


Reference to wiiw databases: wiiw Annual Database, wiiw Monthly Database, wiiw FDI Database

Keywords: capital regions, monetary policy, fiscal policy, inflation, economic and financial crisis of 2008/09, COVID-19 pandemic, fiscal austerity, war in Ukraine, Recovery and Resilience Facility, digital tasks, ICT capital, Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek theorem, factor-content based comparative advantage

Countries covered: EU, Ukraine, CESEE, Euro Area

Research Areas: Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy, International Trade, Competitiveness and FDI, Regional Development