Recent patterns of labour mobility in the European Union

Client/Funding Institution

Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank


In the EU the level of labour mobility is comparably low, but rising due to intensified labour market flexibility and increasing migration flows. The project analysed changing patterns of labour mobility in a detailed manner in the countries, regions and economic sectors of the EU by applying a descriptive and an econometric approach. A specific focus was put on whether international migrants respond more flexibly to labour market demands. Moreover, the effects of external shocks during the financial and economic crisis on the scale and structure of labour mobility was analysed. The project drew on two micro-datasets: the EU labour force survey for performing a worker flow analysis and the MICRO-DYN database, which provides data based on EU-wide firm-level data to perform a job flow analysis. In the econometric approach we applied regional, country, sectoral and workers characteristics to detect the reasons for differences in the European wide map of labour mobility.


July 2013 - March 2015

wiiw team Leader

Mario Holzner

wiiw Staff

Stefan Jestl, Michael Landesmann, Sandra M. Leitner, Sebastian Leitner, Isilda Mara

Keywords: labour mobility, European union, job flow analysis, worker flow analysis, employment reallocation, international migration, regional migration, labour turnover, EU-27, EU-NMS

Countries covered: Austria, EU27, New EU Member States

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution