The Effect of Digitisation on Work in Europe

Client/Funding Institution

Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank

Abstract

The project analyses digitisation and its impact on work from two different perspectives. On the one hand, it not only sheds light on regional digitisation patterns but also examines the effect of digitisation on employment in EU countries at the NUTS-2 level. It explicitly accounts for the complex, multi-dimensional phenomenon of digitisation: it goes beyond conventional measures used in the literature and, aside from industry-specific information on robots and different types of ICT investments, also takes measures on the usage of online computing, big data analysis, E-commerce sales, social media or digital infrastructure into account. Methodologically, it goes beyond standard approaches applied in the empirical literature and provides novel insights into regional and industry spillovers as well as non-linearities in the employment effects of digitisation. On the other hand, it explores the effects of digitisation on workers’ well-being. It takes an integrated approach and simultaneously determines both positive and negative psychological effects of ICT use, as captured by work engagement and burnout, respectively. It also sheds light on the role of other (job and/or personal) characteristics in either reinforcing or mitigating the positive or negative effects of ICT use on workers’ psychological well-being.

Duration

April 2020 - March 2022

wiiw team Leader

Sandra M. Leitner

wiiw Staff

Birgit Buschbom, Alexandra Bykova, Stefan Jestl, Roman Römisch, Roman Stöllinger

Keywords: digitisation, digital technologies, digital economy, industrial robots, ICT, labour market, regional spillovers, industry spillovers, psychological well-being

Countries covered: EU-28

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution, Regional Development


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