CEEC-8: How do politics, economy and society deal with labor shortages?

Client/Funding Institution

Austrian Chamber of Labour


The aim of this project is to investigate the incipient labor shortage in the CEEC-8 (Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Poland, Sowakeit, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary). Due to decades of emigration, the working age population is falling dramatically. The supply and demand for work will balance each other out in the years to come. How do politics, business and society deal with this phenomenon? The study targets to provide a detailed overview of how the state, companies, trade unions and the labor force in the region react to the labor shortage and what leeway there is for economic policy. The historical analogies to similar situations in the post-war period should also be drawn, as well as the political economy of labor shortages should be analyzed.


January 2020 - October 2020

wiiw team Leader

Vasily Astrov

wiiw Staff

Vasily Astrov, Richard Grieveson, Doris Hanzl-Weiss, Magdalena Höllhuber, Sebastian Leitner, Isilda Mara, Monika Schwarzhappel, Galina Vasaros, Hermine Vidovic


Keywords: Labor shortage, CEEC-8, emigration, age population, supply and demand

Countries covered: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution