Gender Differences in Mobility after Childbirth and Implications for the Gender Gap in Employment

03  March 2022    3:00 pm CET

Andrea Albanese, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER)

In cooperation with:

Research Centre International Economics (FIW) 

Venue

This is an online event via Zoom. Please register using the registration link below.

Description

The presentation is based on a paper with the same title co-authored with Adrian Nieto and Konstantinos Tatsiramos.

Abstract:
Using a novel event study specification that accounts for treatment heterogeneity together with Belgian social security and geo-location data at the individual level, we study mobility as a determinant of the gender gap in employment. We find that, following childbirth, individuals are less likely to change of residence regardless of their gender, but that only mothers commute less and work less outside their region of residence. Consistent with this finding, childbirth not only reduces employment for mothers relative to fathers, but the gender gaps on non-local employment and high-paying jobs are higher than the gender gaps on local employment and low-paying positions, respectively. Lastly, we show that a higher level of unemployment in the region of residence prior to childbirth lead to a higher gender gap in employment after childbirth. As childbirth reduces mobility, individuals’ employment status may be more reliant on the initial regional conditions.

The presentation, when available, will be posted online after the event.

Registration link:
https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_JCX2IRpHQai6SLuGeL0Y4w

Andrea Albanese is a research scientist at Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) and affiliated at Ghent University (Belgium), IZA (Germany), GLO (the Netherlands) and Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium). His research interests are Labour Economics, Causal Analysis & Policy Evaluation. His papers have been published in journals such as Labour Economics, Oxford Economic Papers, Empirical Economics, Economics Letters, amongst others. He completed a joint PhD programme at DEFAP Graduate School of Milan (Italy) and Ghent University (Belgium) in December 2015. He is currently managing a large research grant as principal investigator covering topics related to causal inference, policy evaluation and cross-border employment funded by the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR - CORE scheme).

Related literature:

  • Angrist, J. D. and W. N. Evans (1998). Children and their parents’ labor supply: Evidence from exogenous variation in family size. The American Economic Review 88(3), 450–477.
  • Jacobsen, J. P., J.W. Pearce III, and J. L. Rosenbloom (1999). The effects of childbearing on married women’s labor supply and earnings: using twin births as a natural experiment. Journal of Human Resources, 449–474
  • Lundborg, P., E. Plug, and A. W. Rasmussen (2017). Can women have children and a career? IV evidence from IVF treatments. American Economic Review 107(6), 1611–37.
  • Kleven, H., C. Landais, and J. E. Søgaard (2019). Children and gender inequality: Evidence from Denmark. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 11(4), 181–209
  • Le Barbanchon, T., Rathelot, R., & Roulet, A. (2021). Gender differences in job search: Trading off commute against wage. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 136(1), 381-426.

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