Challenges for Cohesion: Looking ahead to 2035

Client/Funding Institution

European Commission, DG Regional Policy


This Europan research project focusses on the challenges emerging from globalisation, demographic change, digital and green transitions and their impact on the economic cohesion of European regions until 2035. The research includes the development and analysis of vulnerability indices related to each challenge. One macroeconomic (CAM) and four well-established regional economic models (GEM-E3, E3ME, MASST-5, EU-EMS) are employed to assess how the three challenges might affect EU regions’ potential future growth patterns and thus also regional cohesion until the year 2035. The study also includes detailed qualitative work on the regions’ adaptive and mitigating capacities with respect to these challenges. The results of this research project are important contributions to the European debate on the future of EU Cohesion policy. The project is a collaborative venture of seven leading European research institutes and is coordinated by the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (wiiw).


September 2022 - April 2024

wiiw team Leader

Roman Römisch

wiiw Staff

Veronika Janyrova, Ambre Maucorps, Robert Stehrer, Stella Sophie Zilian

Project Partners

University Politecnico di Milano (Polimi); Cambridge Econometrics (Camecon); Ismeri Europa (Ismeri); E3-Modelling (E3M); Applica (Applica); PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL)

Countries covered: EU

Research Areas: Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy, Regional Development