Industry 4.0, migration and the labour market adjustment: an intra-European perspective

Client/Funding Institution

Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank


The mechanism through which novel technologies including patents granted, robot adoption, and digitalization affect the labour market, skill composition and wage levels, and consequently the pull and push factors of migration, is the main focus of the study. The project will comprehensively study this phenomenon by analysing various interactions between innovation, adoption of robots, digitalization, and wages, and migration patterns in four work packages. First, the impact of novel technologies on wages by across countries and sectors will be studied. Second, the impact of novel technologies on migration flows by sectors and skills in selected EU countries will be analysed, also controlling for other factors. Third, the impact of the gap in technologies defined by the difference in robot intensity (i.e. robot stocks per employee) and the extent of digitalisation between the origin and destination countries on bilateral migration flows will be analysed. Fourth, push and pull factors affecting the intention to migrate will be studied at the individual level.

Funded by the Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Project No. 18737).


October 2021 - March 2024

wiiw team Leader

Mahdi Ghodsi

wiiw Staff

Birgit Buschbom, Mario Holzner, Isilda Mara, Leon Podkaminer, Alireza Sabouniha, Robert Stehrer


Countries covered: CESEE, EU

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution