Migration from Africa, Middle East and EU Eastern Partnership countries towards the EU-27: Challenges and prospects ahead

Client/Funding Institution

Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank


At present, in the EU, populistic movements have gained momentum. The traditional immigration countries such as the UK and the USA have become more restrictive towards immigration. Political changes in Germany and more recently in Italy are also moving in this direction. Meanwhile outmigration from Africa, Middle East is ongoing and the EU is very likely to continue attracting more migrants from these regions. At the same time EU Eastern Partnership countries, especially Ukrainians are more and more choosing to migrate to the EU, especially to the Visegrad countries. While the EU approach towards immigration from Africa and ME seem to be less favourable, a different attitude - especially among the Visegrad countries – transpires for immigrants from EAP and Russia. Therefore it is essential to analyse, first, potential migration from these regions - expected migration trends – and, second, the role of EU migration polices in shaping future migration patterns from these regions.


January 2019 - March 2021

wiiw team Leader

Isilda Mara

wiiw Staff

Birgit Buschbom, Richard Grieveson, Michael Landesmann, Galina Vasaros, Hermine Vidovic

Keywords: migration, Africa, Middle East, EU, visegrad countries, migration trends, migration policies, migration patterns, populistic movements

Countries covered: Africa, EU-28, Visegrad countries

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution