The labour market and the distribution of employment and income in an international comparison

Client/Funding Institution

Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection (BMASGK)


The process of globalisation and the deepening integration of Europe pose major challenges for the Austrian labour market. Increasing economic interdependencies (mainly via trade, direct investments, offshoring and migration) have a considerable impact on the conditions on the labour market, on wage and income developments and on employment structures. Evidence-based recommendations for economic policy in general and labour market policy in particular therefore require an analysis from an international and comparative perspective. For Austria this means analysing in detail the labour market-relevant developments in its neighbouring countries, especially its Central and Eastern European neighbours, the accession candidates and the EU’s Neighbourhood regions, and of course also developing a global perspective. This research project, commissioned by the Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, deals with these topics. It is planned to run for three years and is divided into four sub-sections: (1) technology, globalisation and convergence in the EU; (2) labour mobility and migration trends; (3) economic activity, employment and unemployment; and (4) institutional frame conditions and their impact on growth, employment and inequality.


July 2017 - June 2020

wiiw team Leader

Robert Stehrer

wiiw Staff

Vasily Astrov, Alexandra Bykova, Richard Grieveson, Ronald Hartwig, Nadya Heger, Philipp Heimberger, Mario Holzner, Stefan Jestl, Michael Landesmann, Sandra M. Leitner, Sebastian Leitner, Isilda Mara, David Pichler, Leon Podkaminer, Joris M. Schröder, Monika Schwarzhappel, Robert Stehrer, Galina Vasaros, Hermine Vidovic

Countries covered: Austria

Research Areas: Labour, Migration and Income Distribution